Print color gamut refers to the complete array of colors that a specific printing mechanism or process can accurately replicate. It represents the spectrum of reproducible colors within the limitations of a given printing technology, influenced by factors like ink types, substrates, and the specific printing process being used.
Comparisons are often made with other color spaces, such as RGB and CMYK, commonly used in digital imaging and printing, to assess the printing system’s capability for accurate color reproduction. This understanding is crucial in fields like graphic design, photography, and printing industries, where knowledge of the limitations and capabilities of a print color gamut is vital for achieving desired visual outcomes in printed materials.
The RGB color gamut (digital devices, computer monitors, phones, etc.) varies immensely from the CMYK color gamut (physical printing processes, ink, etc.). This is why it is critical to use proper colors within each mode for color accuracy. Setting up your graphic designs in the correct mode, and using colors within the color gamut will reduce the possibility of color shift.